What is Hyperglycemia? How Can You Treat It?

Simply put, hyperglycemia means high blood sugar. The pre-fix hyper means high or above normal and glycemia refers to blood glucose. Diabetes is directly correlated with hyperglycemia because it is a disease of high blood glucose levels. Diabetes mellitus affects roughly 387 million people around the world, so the question of how you can lower your blood sugar levels is an important one. What Is Considered High Blood Glucose? Hyperglycemia is defined as having a fasted/resting blood glucose level greater than 125 mg/dL and a glucose level >180 mg/dL 2 hours after eating. Impaired glucose tolerance, or pre-diabetes, is measured having a fasting glucose level between 100 mg/dL and 125 mg/dL. Levels between 140-180 mg/dL 2 hours after eating are considered elevated and pre-diabetic. Diabetes is diagnosed when individuals fasting blood glucose levels are above 125mg/dL. What Causes Hyperglycemia? Insulin is the most important regulator of blood glucose levels. In order to maintain homeostasis, insulin must be functioning properly. When food is consumed, carbohydrates are broken down into glucose (the simplest sugar). Insulin is released
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